Harappa: Capital City of the Ancient Indus Civilization. An aspect of this arrangement was the additional requirement to hand over to the Company any historical artifacts acquired during his travels. Animal husbandry included humped (Bos indicus) and non-humped (Bos bubalis) cattle and, to a lesser degree, sheep and goats. Harappa and Mohenjo Daro were expertly planned cities built with a grid pattern of wide, straight streets. The most striking feature of the Harappan cities is their town planning. Harappa and Mohenjo Daro were expertly planned cities … These technologies likely reflect some sort of trade interactions with Mesopotamia. Hirst, K. Kris. When it comes to the cities of Harappan Civilization, the Harappa in Punjab and the Mohenjo-daro in Sindh can be regarded as the most important ones. It is located in Punjab Province, Pakistan, on an old bank / bed of the River Ravi. Hirst, K. Kris. Many of the adobe bricks were robbed in antiquity from the significant architectural remains. It was a major urban centre during its mature phase surrounded by extensive walls. Another important and very recent (late October 2020) paper by Asko Parpola. The urban settlements and great civilization has been ignored by the historian for too long. In this article, we have discussed some of the important points of Indus Valley Civilization for the UPSC exam. Both forms part of present Pakistan. He examines the 2018 finds from the Late Harappan site of Sanauli near Delhi in light of his research on early Indo-Aryan languages in the subcontinent and their origin in Central Asia. Over 25 field seasons have occurred since the first excavations. how did archaeologists find out info about this civilization. Soon after the discovery of cities like Lothal, Dholavira, Mohenjodaro, and Kalibangan have also been discovered and were come to be known as the Harappan cities or also the advent of Harappan Civilization. A New Approach to Tracking Connections between the Indus Valley and Mesopotamia: Initial Results of Strontium Isotope Analyses from Harappa and Ur. During the Kot Diji phase (2800–2500 BC), the Harappans used standardized sun-baked adobe bricks to build city walls and domestic architecture. The Harappan city was divided into the upper town (also called the Citadel) and the lower town. The two major cities of Indus valley civilization were Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa. All of these had populations of around 20,000 to 40,000 people. The civilization lasted from 3300 B.C. • Interestingly, Mohenjo-Daro was one of the most important cities of South Asia and the Indus Civilization together with Harappa, which was one of the first and most important ancient settlements of the world. A number of other sites stretching from the Himal… Also during the Kot Diji phase is the first evidence for writing in the region, consisting of a piece of pottery with a possible early Indus script. The Domestication of Sesame Seed - Ancient Gift from Harappa, Indus Civilization Timeline and Description, Mehrgarh, Pakistan and Life in the Indus Valley Before Harappa, Khotan - Capital of an Oasis State on the Silk Road in China, Indus Seals and the Indus Civilization Script, Faience - The World's First High Tech Ceramic, Who Were the Aryans? Known as Harappan Civilisation, it existed between 3300 BC to 1900 BC. Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) is the beginning of the history of India. Cloudflare Ray ID: 61597560ac2d0b2f Mark Kenoyer. Due to this, Harappa remained occupied for a long time. At its beginnings, Harappa was a small settlement with a collection of workshops, where craft specialists made agate beads. Other archaeologists associated with Harappa include Mortimer Wheeler, George Dales, Richard Meadow, and J. The people hunted elephant, rhinoceros, water buffalo, elk, deer, antelope and wild ass. Also known as the Harappan civilization, it dates back to 2500 years ago. At the centre of the settlement is a ‘citadel’, which consists of a rectangular ‘castle’ and a ‘bailey’ (the outer wall of the castle). Located at the centre of the citadel it is remarkable for beautiful brick work. Commerce is also in evidence: a cubical limestone weight that conforms to the later Harappan weight system. These cities were discovered around the river Indus, henceforth proving the existence of the Indus Valley Civilization. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa. Other central places include Mohenjo-daro, Rakhigarhi, and Dholavira, all with areas over 100 hectares (250 acres) in their heyday. 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