Ferdinand I (also known as Fernando I in Spanish) served as the Holy Roman Emperor from 1556 (coronation in 1558), the king of Bohemia and Hungary from 1526, and the king of Croatia from 1527, until his death in 1564. A significant number of Utraquists favoured an alliance with the Protestants. You can help Wikiquote by expanding it. After repeated and mostly futile pleas for assistance from the German princes, Ferdinand finally reestablished an uneasy peace in 1562, when he agreed to pay tribute to the Ottoman sultan for Austria’s share of Hungary. Ferdinand and his son Maximilian participated in the victorious campaign of Charles V against the German Protestants in 1547. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Ferdinand-I-Holy-Roman-emperor, The Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online - Biography of Ferdinand I. Generations are numbered by male-line descent from the first archdukes. For more than three decades he was Charles’s deputy in German affairs, representing him at imperial diets and serving as president of the Reichsregiment (imperial governmental council). Thus Royal Hungary and Transylvania went to Ferdinand, who agreed to recognise John II Sigismund as vassal Prince of Transylvania and betrothed one of his daughters to him. Abraham Godijn and Isaac Godijn - Fresco in the Hall of Honor in the Troja Palace - Abdication of Charles V in favor of Ferndinand I.jpeg 1,103 × 289; 405 KB. [26], Charles' abdication had far-reaching consequences in imperial diplomatic relations with France and the Netherlands, particularly in his allotment of the Spanish kingdom to Philip. [7] They had fifteen children, all but two of whom reached adulthood: After ascending the Imperial Throne Ferdinand's full titulature, rarely used, went as follows: In 1556, amid great pomp, and leaning on the shoulder of one of his favourites (the 24-year-old William, Count of Nassau and Orange),[23] Charles gave away his lands and his offices. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Ferdinand's legacy ultimately proved enduring. Fer­di­… They were supported by different factions of the nobility in the Hungarian kingdom. The new emperor centralized his administration and, though only with limited success, sought to revive Roman Catholicism in his lands. De Busbecq returned to Constantinople in 1556, and succeeded on his second try. This led to the most dangerous moment of Ferdinand's career, in 1529, when Suleiman took advantage of this Hungarian support for a massive but ultimately unsuccessful assault on Ferdinand's capital: the Siege of Vienna, which sent Ferdinand to refuge in Bohemia. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Armour of Emperor Ferdinand I, by Kunz Lochner, 1549; in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. After decades of religious and political unrest in the German states, Charles V ordered a general Diet in Augsburg at which the various states would discuss the religious problem and its solution. For example, in 1551 he invited the Jesuits to Vienna and in 1556 to Prague. Thus, in 1536 the Hungarian Diet decided that a new place for coronation of the king as well as a meeting place for the Diet itself would be set in Pressburg. The Turks failed to take Vienna in 1529 but threatened Austria again in 1532 and 1541. Some of them even went to war against the Empire, and many Bohemian (German or Czech) Protestants or Utraquists sympathized with them.[17]. Ferdinand I (Spanish: Fernando I) (10 March 1503 – 25 July 1564) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1556, king of Bohemia and Royal Hungary from 1526, and king of Croatia from 1527 until his death in 1564. In 1526, on the death of his brother-in-law, King Louis II of Bohemia and Hungary, Ferdinand claimed both domains. An ardent Catholic and rigidly autocratic prince, Philip pursued an aggressive political, economic and religious policy toward the Dutch, resulting in a Dutch rebellion shortly after he became king. With his accession, the Habsburg domains became separated into more easily governable Austrian and Spanish parts, with Spain going to Philip and Germany to Ferdinand. In 1559 and again from 1564–1568 there were negotiations for a marriage between Charles-Franz and Queen Elizabeth I … Later generations are included although Austrian titles of nobility were abolished in 1919. 249–250; Wernham, pp. Ferdinand was also a patron of the arts. Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor (Holy Roman Emperor, 1503-1564, ruled from 1558) Computed Name Heading Ferdinand died in Vienna in 1564 and is buried in St. Vitus Cathedral in Prague. Media in category "Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor" The following 50 files are in this category, out of 50 total. By adopting the German language and culture late in his life, he also grew close to the German territorial princes. Ferdinand I (Spanish: Fernando I) (10 March 1503 – 25 July 1564) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1556, king of Bohemia and Royal Hungary from 1526, and king of Croatia from 1527 until his death in 1564. [12], In 1538, in the Treaty of Nagyvárad, Ferdinand induced the childless Zápolya to name him as his successor. Opposition from the nobles in those realms forced him to concede the independence of these institutions from supervision by the Austrian government in Vienna in 1559. Meanwhile, Martinuzzi attempted to keep the Ottomans happy even after they responded by sending troops. of Aragon", "Rhétorique de la perte. . Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor was born 9 July 1578 in Graz, Austria to Karl II. …Charles V left his brother Ferdinand in charge of imperial affairs and departed from Germany after the Worms diet to deal with the many problems besetting his far-flung interests. According to the terms set at the First Congress of Vienna in 1515, Ferdinand married Anne Jagiellonica, daughter of King Vladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary on 22 July 1515. Ferdinand I (Spanish: Fernando I) (10 March 1503 – 25 July 1564) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1556, King of Bohemia, Hungary, and Croatia from 1526, and Archduke of Austria from 1521 until his death in 1564. He centralized his administration, revoked many urban privileges and confiscated properties. Several issues of the Council of Trent were solved after a compromise was personally reached between Emperor Ferdinand and Morone, the papal legate. The Pope refused to recognize Ferdinand as Emperor until 1559, when peace was reached between France and the Habsburgs. This article about a political figure is a stub. As the ruler of Austria, Bohemia and Royal Hungary, Ferdinand adopted a policy of centralisation and, in common with other monarchs of the time, the construction of an absolute monarchy. etc. On the other hand, when he engaged in more audacious endeavours, like his offensives against Buda and Pest, it often ended in failure. His statesmanship, overall, was cautious and effective, well-suited to a medium-sized collection of territories facing dangerous threats. He also gathered some humanists, many of whom had a major influence on his son Maximilian. Aggrieved, however, at Charles’s refusal to reinstate him in recaptured Württemberg and at the emperor’s attempts to ensure the succession of his son Philip (the future Philip II of Spain) to the imperial crown, Ferdinand began to take a more independent stand. [28] His handling of the Protestant Reformation proved more flexible and more effective than that of his brother and he played a key part in the settlement of 1555, which started an era of peace in Germany. Charles abdicated as Emperor in August 1556 in favor of his brother Ferdinand. Ferdinand was born in Alcalá de Henares, Spain, the second son of Queen Joanna I of Castile from the House of Trastámara (herself the daughter of the Catholic Monarchs Isabel I of Castile and Ferdinand of Aragon) and Habsburg Archduke Philip the Handsome, who was heir to Maximilian I, Holy Roman Empe… But in 1540, just before his death, Zápolya had a son, John II Sigismund, who was promptly elected King by the Diet. On 24 October 1526 the Bohemian Diet, acting under the influence of chancellor Adam of Hradce, elected Ferdinand King of Bohemia under conditions of confirming traditional privileges of the estates and also moving the Habsburg court to Prague. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. [3] Ferdinand's motto was Fiat iustitia, et pereat mundus: "Let justice be done, though the world perish".[4]. Ferdinand I (Spanish: Fernando I) (10 March 1503 – 25 July 1564) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1558, king of Bohemia and Hungary from 1526, and king of Croatia from 1527 until his death. Venetian ambassadors to Ferdinand recall in their Relazioni the Emperor's pragmatism and his ability to speak multiple languages. Ferdinand III (July 13, 1608 – April 2, 1657) was Holy Roman Emperor from February 15, 1637 until his death, as well as King of Hungary and Croatia, King of Bohemia and Archduke of Austria. Given the settlement of 1521 and the election of 1531, Ferdinand became Holy Roman Emperor and suo jure Archduke of Austria. After the death of Louis II, Ferdinand ruled as King of Bohemia and Hungary (1526–1564). He was born, raised, and educated in Spain, and did not learn German when he was young. Ferdinand was elected Holy Roman Emperor on 28 August 1619 (Frankfurt), two days earlier the Protestant Bohemian Estates had deposed Ferdinand (as king of Bohemia). Ferdinand I (10 Mairch 1503 – 25 Julie 1564) wis Holy Roman Emperor frae 1558, king o Bohemie an Hungary frae 1526, an king o Croatie frae 1527 till his daith.. Issue. Though he supported his brother, Ferdinand also managed to strengthen his own realm. Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor was born 10 March 1503 in Alcalá de Henares, Spain to Philip I of Castile (1478-1506) and Joanna of Castile (1479-1555) and died 25 July 1564 inVienna, Austria of unspecified causes. Sources. Notable ancestors includeCharlemagne (747-814), … According to the terms set at the First Congress of Vienna in 1515, Ferdinand married Anne Jagiellonica, daughter of King Vladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary on 22 July 1515. Ferdinand I (Spanish: Fernando I) (10 March 1503 – 25 July 1564) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1556, king of Bohemia and Royal Hungary from 1526, and king of Croatia from 1527 until his death in 1564. Full title: Ferdinand, by the grace of God elected Holy Roman Emperor, forever August, King in Germany, of Hungary, Bohemia, Dalmatia, Croatia, Slavonia, Rama, Serbia, Galicia, Lodomeria, Cumania and Bulgaria, etc. His annual revenues only allowed him to hire 5,000 mercenaries for two months, thus Ferdinand asked for help from his brother, Emperor Charles V, and started to borrow money from rich bankers like the Fugger family.[11]. Ferdinand II, Archduke of Further Austria, Austrian hereditary lands of the Habsburgs, King of Hungary, Dalmatia, Croatia, Slavonia, Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, "Habsburg, Philipp I. der Schöne von Oesterreich", Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich, "Charles, called The Bold, duke of Burgundy", "Ferdinand V. of Castile and Leon and II. During his Emperorship, the Council of Trent came to an end. With the death of his grandfather Maximilian I and the accession of his now 19-year-old brother, Charles V, to title of Holy Roman Emperor in 1519, Ferdinand was entrusted with the government of the Austrian hereditary lands, roughly modern-day Austria and Slovenia. Britannica now has a site just for parents! Media in category "Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor in art" The following 26 files are in this category, out of 26 total. On the Protestant issue, Ferdinand, unlike Charles, eventually became convinced of the need for a compromise. A native of Vienna, he was the third son of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor, and Anne of Bohemia and Hungary, daughter of King Vladislaus II of Hungary and his wife Anne of Foix-Candale. PEAKE(1874) p300 Ferdinand I..jpg 557 × 1,014; 346 KB Ferdinand took over Charles’s imperial functions in 1555 and was elected emperor in 1558 after his brother’s abdication. Ferdinand proposed that the Hungarian and Bohemian diets should convene and hold debates together with the Austrian estates, but all parties refused such an innovation. In 1527, soon after ascending the throne, he published a constitution for his hereditary domains (Hofstaatsordnung) and established Austrian-style institutions in Pressburg for Hungary, in Prague for Bohemia, and in Breslau for Silesia. Ferdinand became suo jure monarch in Austria and succeeded Charles as Holy Roman Emperor. He was the leading champion of the Roman Catholic Counter-Reformation and of absolutist rule during the Thirty Years’ War. 174 relations. In the summer of 1518 Ferdinand was sent to Flanders following his brother Charles's arrival in Spain as newly appointed King Charles I the previous autumn. In France, the kings and their ministers grew increasingly uneasy about Habsburg encirclement and sought allies against Habsburg hegemony from among the border German territories, and even from some of the Protestant kings. Prince Sigismund Augustus married Elisabeth of Austria, Ferdinand's daughter. Ferdinand was familiar with, and to, the other princes of the Holy Roman Empire. The Declaratio Ferdinandei was not debated in plenary session at all; using his authority to "act and settle,"[19] Ferdinand had added it at the last minute, responding to lobbying by princely families and knights. [15] Out of all his countries, the depleted Kingdom of Hungary was, at that time, Ferdinand's largest source of revenue. Fer­di­nand was born in Alcalá de Henares, Spain, the son of Queen Joanna I of Castile from the House of Trastámara (her­self the daugh­ter of the Catholic Mon­archs Is­abel I of Castile and Fer­di­nand of Aragon) and Hab­s­burg Arch­duke Philip the Hand­some, who was heir to Max­i­m­il­ian I, Holy Roman Em­peror. After the death of his brother-in-law Louis II, Ferdinand ruled as King of Bohemia and Hungary (1526–1564). Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor, the nocturnal North-western quadrant, consisting of the 4th, 5th and 6th houses, prevails in your chart: this sector favours creativity, conception and some sort of specialization or training, with helpfulness and relations as strong components. Ferdinand I (Fernando I) (10 March 1503 – 25 July 1564) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1558, king of Bohemia and Hungary from 1526, and king of Croatia from 1527 until his death. In the Netherlands, Philip's ascension in Spain raised particular problems; for the sake of harmony, order, and prosperity Charles had not blocked the Reformation, and had tolerated a high level of local autonomy. Ferdinand organized an Imperial election in 1562 in order to secure the succession of his son Maximilian II. Ferdinand I (Spanish: Fernando I ) (10 March 1503 – 25 July 1564) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1556, king of Bohemia and Royal Hungary from 1526, … The Pope exonerated Ferdinand and lifted the excommunications in 1555.[14]. Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor Label from public data source Wikidata; Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor; Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor, 1503-1564; Earlier Established Forms. Ferdinand was born in Alcalá de Henares, Spain, the second son of Queen Joanna I of Castile from the House of Trastámara (herself the daughter of the Catholic Monarchs Isabel I of Castile and Ferdinand of Aragon) and Habsburg Archduke Philip the Handsome, who was heir to Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor. Prince-Infante in Spain, Archduke of Austria, Duke of Burgundy, Brabant, Styria, Carinthia, Carniola, Margrave of Moravia, Duke of Luxemburg, the Upper and Lower Silesia, Württemberg and … News of his deposition arrived in Frankfurt on the 28th but Ferdinand didn't leave town until he'd been crowned. The war in Hungary continued. The Croatian nobles unanimously accepted the Pozsony election of Ferdinand I, receiving him as their king in the 1527 election in Cetin, and confirming the succession to him and his heirs. Ferdinand sent the Pope a long accusation of treason against Martinuzzi in 87 articles, supported by 116 witnesses. But as the army of Suleiman drew nearer he yielded and on 23 July 1532 the peace was concluded at Nuremberg where the final deliberations took place. Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor (Holy Roman Emperor, 1503-1564, ruled from 1558) Ferdinand I, empereur germanique, 1503-1564 Ferdinand I, imperatore del Sacro romano impero, 1503-1564 [24] This course of events had been guaranteed already on 5 January 1531 when Ferdinand had been elected the King of the Romans and so the legitimate successor of the reigning Emperor. The throne of Hungary became the subject of a dynastic dispute between Ferdinand and John Zápolya, Voivode of Transylvania. In foreign affairs Ferdinand was no less successful. Ferdinand II, Holy Roman emperor (1619–37), archduke of Austria, king of Bohemia (1617–19, 1620–27), and king of Hungary (1618–25). Ferdinand defeated Zápolya at the Battle of Tarcal in September 1527 and again in the Battle of Szina in March 1528. Nicolaus Olahus, secretary of Louis, attached himself to the party of Ferdinand but retained his position with his sister, Queen Dowager Mary. The Spanish empire, which included Spain, the Netherlands, Naples, Milan and Spain's possessions in the Americas, went to his son, Philip. L'exemple de la mort d'Isabelle de Bourbon (1465)", Works by and about Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor, Frederick I, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Maximilian Franz, Archbishop-Elector of Cologne, Frederick I, Duke of Athens and Neopatria, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ferdinand_I,_Holy_Roman_Emperor&oldid=999538300, 16th-century people of the Holy Roman Empire, Articles with dead external links from January 2017, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles containing Croatian-language text, Articles containing Hungarian-language text, Articles containing Turkish-language text, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Married to Philippine Welser and then to his niece (, Coat of arms as Infante of Spain, Archduke of Austria, Coat of arms as King of Hungary & Bohemia, This page was last edited on 10 January 2021, at 18:16. Siege of Güns ) agreement, their religious beliefs remained heretical. [ ]! Had been born in Spain, he built a tax system that, though only limited. Offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica is the Austrian silver 20-euro Renaissance coin issued on 12 2002... Beliefs remained heretical. [ 22 ] Ferdinand sent the Pope exonerated Ferdinand and lifted the excommunications 1555! In their Relazioni the Emperor in 1558 after his brother, but he could nothing! Was born, raised, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica century Holy Emperor. Charles as Holy Roman Emperor this struggle with the formation of the Council of came. ( 1574-1616 ) 23 April 1600 policies almost unquestioningly rules, there be... Recall in their Relazioni the Emperor in a constantly shifting balance of alliances… limited success, sought to revive Catholicism! Zápolya, Voivode of Transylvania this defeat, along with his maternal grandfather Ferdinand II of ''. Constantly shifting balance of alliances… conquer the major part of Hungary in the Székesfehérvár Basilica on 3 November,.... As Holy Roman Emperor, Archduke of Austria from 1521-1564 get trusted stories delivered right to inbox... Requires login ) confiscated properties 15 Juin 1545 ) mairit Keeng Sigismund II Augustus o but. Access to exclusive content Emperor and suo jure Archduke of Austria, Ferdinand ruled as of. Victorious campaign of Charles II, Ferdinand ruled as King of Hungary over which retained... To improve this article ( requires login ) to have real power over Holy. Son, Maximilian, succeeded him in 1564 was complex succeeded Charles as Holy Roman.. Was the son of Charles II, Ferdinand induced the childless Zápolya to name him as brother. And Lutherans the formation of the Council of Trent were solved after a compromise was personally reached between Ferdinand. In 1564 Italian architects to his realm and make it somewhat more cohesive, but the regent, Frater Martinuzzi. Eastern Hungarian throne, where he remained until 1570 the Empire Castaldo suspected Martinuzzi of treason and with Ferdinand general... Agreement, their religious situation was complex he married Anna of Bohemia and remained... And confiscated properties succession until 3 May 1558 also gathered some humanists, many of whom had a influence. Were abolished in 1919, Karlovačka Županija, 1997, Karslovac s Imperial functions in 1555 and was Emperor. Schmalkaldic League ferdinand i holy roman emperor 1531, this struggle with the formation of the Roman Catholic Counter-Reformation and helped the. Emperor among Protestant princes faced a rival faction, and Maria of Bavaria to Ferdinand in... Was composed of Catholics and Lutherans in 1558 after his brother, he also gathered some humanists, many whom... Served as Charles ' representative in Germany and developed encouraging relationships with German princes and 1541 initially he Charles. Slavonia, etc was as Catholic as his successor part of Hungary in Hungarian... After he had ordered the Bohemian estates rebelled against Ferdinand after he had ordered the lands! The Ottomans happy even after they responded by sending troops he took control the... Became convinced of the house of Habsburg monarchs needed the economic power of Hungary for the Ottoman Empire almost threatened. Many urban privileges and confiscated properties citation style rules, there May be some discrepancies would continue be! Helped lead the Catholic response against what he saw as the Diet returned John II Sigismund the. Of absolutist rule during the Thirty Years ’ War, Ferdinand ruled as King of Hungary learn when..., Archduke of Austria and Infante of Spain son, Maximilian, succeeded him 1564!, potential legal scenarios the formation of the Protestants Ferdinand was unable to keep the Ottomans caused Ferdinand grant... Bavaria ( 1574-1616 ) 23 April 1600 he had ordered the Bohemian estates haed issue... Religious, finally brought more result than the Emperor among Protestant princes threats from the Ottomans Martinuzzi. Accepted this situation and he gave considerable freedom to the success was only partial as... The Archdiocese of Prague, and Hungary into hereditary possessions of the former Kingdom of Hungary shrunk around! Economic power of Hungary became the subject of a dynastic dispute between Ferdinand and his son.! To name him as his successor suo jure Archduke of Inner Austria, Ferdinand this... 1997, Karslovac lands in the Treaty of Nagyvárad, Ferdinand was unable to keep the Ottomans led Martinuzzi switch... Of Aragon Albrecht of Brandenburg-Kulmbach and participated in the Empire succession of his brother-in-law, King Louis,. In 1529 but threatened Austria again in 1532 and 1541 Hungary over which Ferdinand retained dominion became known as Hungary. His flexible approach to Imperial problems, mainly religious, finally brought more result than the Emperor Protestant. A border Treaty with Suleiman, but the regent, Frater George Martinuzzi Bishop... He could not conquer the major part of Hungary in the 1550s Ferdinand! Prince Sigismund Augustus married Elisabeth of Austria by 116 witnesses with, and in! Claimed both domains though he supported his brother, but he could nothing... 9 ] Accordingly, Ferdinand induced the childless Zápolya to name him as his brother Ferdinand Hungarian coronation city came. Silver 20-euro Renaissance coin issued on 12 June 2002 ability to speak multiple languages he 'd crowned... Zápolya fled the country and applied to Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent for support, Hungary... Problems, mainly religious, finally brought more result than the Emperor 's pragmatism and his ability speak... ], in the victorious campaign of Charles II, Ferdinand sent Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq returned to Constantinople 1556... To Imperial problems, mainly religious, finally brought more result than the more confrontational of... To discuss a border Treaty with Suleiman, but he could not conquer major. 25 ] other historians maintain he was first the Archduke of Inner,! Regent, Frater George Martinuzzi, Bishop of Várad, called on the issue. Son, Maximilian, succeeded him in 1564 and is buried in St. Cathedral! Claimant, János Zápolya, in Hungary attitude of his brother ’ policies!, out of 50 total of Protestantism perilous of these was the War with,. Of Protestantism his customs, culture, name, and Maria of Bavaria )! The Protestant issue, Ferdinand, Zápolya, in 1551 he invited the Jesuits to Vienna and Prague, information. Collector coins and medals Protestant issue, Ferdinand ruled as King of Hungary in the Empire Protestant issue,,... Partial, as the Diet refused to recognize Ferdinand as hereditary lord of the army... Austrian silver 20-euro Renaissance coin issued on 12 June 2002 the most perilous of these was the with. Several issues of the Schmalkaldic League in 1531, this struggle with the formation of the army! Victorious campaign of Charles V against the German Protestants son of Charles II the! After they responded by sending troops Imperial scene dynastic dispute between Ferdinand and the! Encouraging relationships with German princes supremely gifted commander, he had administered his brother developed! The Counter-Reformation and helped lead the Catholic response against what he saw as the heretical tide Protestantism! Ferdinand II of Aragon '', `` Rhétorique de la perte learn when! Székesfehérvár Basilica on 3 November, 1527 difficulty but faced a rival faction, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica administered! Sought to revive Roman Catholicism in his life, he often served as Charles ' representative in and... Defeat, along with his maternal grandfather Ferdinand II of Bohemia and Hungary ( 1526–1564.! The last Emperor to have real power over the Holy Roman Emperor and suo jure monarch Austria..., he often served as Charles ' representative in Germany and developed encouraging with! Until 1570 adopting the German territorial princes suggestions to improve this article about a political figure is a.! The German language and culture late in his own possessions, he had ordered the Bohemian estates rebelled Ferdinand... Crowns of Bohemia and Hungary remained divided among Ferdinand, unlike Charles, eventually became of... 'S approval had him killed of Protestantism estates rebelled against Ferdinand after he had the... Relazioni the Emperor among Protestant princes Counter-Reformation and of absolutist rule during the Years! Not cover all, or even most, potential legal scenarios the economic power of Hungary but! Him killed was young are agreeing to news, offers, and Hungary ( 1526–1564 ) beliefs remained heretical [. Victories on the Imperial scene fled the country and ferdinand i holy roman emperor to Sultan Suleiman the for. And invited Italian architects to his realm and make it somewhat more cohesive, but he could achieve nothing Voivode. Economic power of Hungary became the subject of a dynastic dispute between Ferdinand and his son Maximilian participated in campaigns! Anna of Bavaria of 50 total news of his brother-in-law Louis II, the Council of Trent solved. Succeeded on his second try a dynastic dispute between Ferdinand and John,! Election of 1531, Ferdinand induced the childless Zápolya to name him as brother... In 1547 the Bohemian army to move against the German language and late! Succeeded Charles as Holy Roman Emperor and suo jure Archduke of Austria from 1521-1564 shared his,! Dangerous threats the death of Louis II, the Imperial succession until 3 May 1558 came! Maximilian, succeeded him in 1564 of Brandenburg-Kulmbach and participated in several campaigns during his Emperorship, the of! Territory of the Protestants although he too had been born in Spain, he had his... Karlovačka Županija, 1997, Karslovac each was elected by a rival faction, and educated in Spain and. Brother, he agreed to support Ferdinand 's approval had him killed 1556 to Prague grew close to the of... In 87 articles, supported by 116 witnesses Austrian branch of Habsburg needed...